Ultrafast kinetics of the antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic phase transition in FeRh

Li, G. and Medapalli, R. and Mentink, J. H. and Mikhaylovskiy, R. V. and Blank, T. G. H. and Patel, S. K. K. and Zvezdin, A. K. and Rasing, Th. and Fullerton, E. E. and Kimel, A. V. (2022) Ultrafast kinetics of the antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic phase transition in FeRh. Nature Communications, 13 (1). ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract: Understanding how fast short-range interactions build up long-range order is one of the most intriguing topics in condensed matter physics. FeRh is a test specimen for studying this problem in magnetism, where the microscopic spin-spin exchange interaction is ultimately responsible for either ferro- or antiferromagnetic macroscopic order. Femtosecond laser excitation can induce ferromagnetism in antiferromagnetic FeRh, but the mechanism and dynamics of this transition are topics of intense debates. Employing double-pump THz emission spectroscopy has enabled us to dramatically increase the temporal detection window of THz emission probes of transient states without sacrificing any loss of resolution or sensitivity. It allows us to study the kinetics of emergent ferromagnetism from the femtosecond up to the nanosecond timescales in FeRh/Pt bilayers. Our results strongly suggest a latency period between the initial pump-excitation and the emission of THz radiation by ferromagnetic nuclei.

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Journal Article
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Nature Communications
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31 May 2022 08:25
Last Modified:
14 Dec 2022 09:55