Distribution, sources and transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in karst spring systems from Western Hubei, Central China

Chen, Wei and Zhang, Ziqiong and Zhu, Ying and Wang, Xianzhen and Wang, Longliang and Xiong, Junwu and Qian, Zhe and Xiong, Shuai and Zhao, Ruichao and Liu, Wei and Su, Qiuke and Zhou, Jiangang and Zhou, Hong and Qi, Shihua and Jones, Kevin C. (2022) Distribution, sources and transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in karst spring systems from Western Hubei, Central China. Chemosphere, 300. ISSN 0045-6535

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Abstract

Karst groundwater is an important water resource but it is vulnerable to contaminants, due to the distinctive geological features of abundant transmissive fractures and conduits which connect the surface to the underground system. Anthropogenic activity-derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on the surface environment could enter groundwater easily and rapidly and threaten water security in karst areas. Samples in the multimedia environment from 10 specific karst spring systems from Western Hubei of Central China were collected to analyze 16 priority PAHs and to investigate their transport in these karst spring systems. The total concentrations of PAHs in the soil, river water, river sediments, spring water, and spring sediments ranged between 6.04 and 67.7 ng g−1, 4.56 and 11.4 ng L−1, 29.9 and 1041 ng g−1, 4.09 and 222 ng L−1, and 5.88 and 83.0 ng g−1, respectively. Levels of PAHs in this area were relatively low when compared to other karst areas. Proportions of low-molecular-weight (LMW)-PAHs in the water, sediments and soil (average 58.2–78.8%) were much higher than those of high-molecular-weight (HMW)-PAHs. The proportion of LMW-PAHs in the sediments (especially in river sediments) was higher than that in the soil. Characteristic ratios analysis and principal component analysis showed that PAHs were from high-temperature combustion of the mixture of coal and biomass, and vehicle emission, where coal and biomass combustion are the dominant sources. Significant correlations of PAHs compositions in different media of karst spring systems were observed, especially in the Yuquangdong (YQD), Jiuzhenziquan (JZZQ), Xianyudong (XYD) and Fengdong (FD) karst spring systems, indicating the rapid PAH transport from the recharge area soil to the discharge area of spring water and sediments.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Chemosphere
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Chemosphere. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Chemosphere, 300, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134502
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
Subjects:
ID Code:
171037
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
30 May 2022 13:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:20