On plasma fractionation treatment and its implications in cells

Gaur, Nishtha and Short, Robert D and Allinson, Sarah (2022) On plasma fractionation treatment and its implications in cells. IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences, 7 (1). pp. 96-102.

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Here we present a novel plasma treatment regime– plasma fractionation, analogous to the concept of dose fractionation in radiotherapy, which could see application in plasma-based cancer treatment. In plasma fractionation, a single acute dose of plasma is divided into multiple small dosages (fractionated dosages) and administered to the cells in vitro at 24-hour intervals. We utilised a helium plasma jet and studied the effects of plasma fractionation in an immortalised keratinocyte line (HaCaT) and a squamous cell carcinoma line (A431). The effects were assessed over three cell seeding densities – 8000, 3500 and 1000 cells/well. Our results show that, at all seeding densities, plasma fractionation produced lower levels of cell death in both cell types compared to the same dose administered as a single plasma treatment. This highlights the potential of plasma fractionation as a potentially safer method to conduct plasma treatments in future. We also show that A431 cells were more sensitive to a single acute plasma treatment than HaCaT cells, at cell densities that are sub-confluent (1000 cells/well). A similar difference in sensitivity between HaCaT cells and A431 cells was not observed on exogenous treatment with hydrogen peroxide, pointing to the importance of other shorter-lived plasma components.

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Journal Article
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IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences
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Deposited On:
26 May 2022 11:45
Last Modified:
04 Apr 2024 00:02