Search for intermediate-mass black hole binaries in the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo

, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration (2022) Search for intermediate-mass black hole binaries in the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 659. ISSN 1432-0746

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Abstract

Intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) span the approximate mass range 100-105 M· , between black holes (BHs) that formed by stellar collapse and the supermassive BHs at the centers of galaxies. Mergers of IMBH binaries are the most energetic gravitational-wave sources accessible by the terrestrial detector network. Searches of the first two observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo did not yield any significant IMBH binary signals. In the third observing run (O3), the increased network sensitivity enabled the detection of GW190521, a signal consistent with a binary merger of mass ∼150 M· providing direct evidence of IMBH formation. Here, we report on a dedicated search of O3 data for further IMBH binary mergers, combining both modeled (matched filter) and model-independent search methods. We find some marginal candidates, but none are sufficiently significant to indicate detection of further IMBH mergers. We quantify the sensitivity of the individual search methods and of the combined search using a suite of IMBH binary signals obtained via numerical relativity, including the effects of spins misaligned with the binary orbital axis, and present the resulting upper limits on astrophysical merger rates. Our most stringent limit is for equal mass and aligned spin BH binary of total mass 200 M· and effective aligned spin 0.8 at 0.056 Gpc-3 yr-1 (90% confidence), a factor of 3.5 more constraining than previous LIGO-Virgo limits. We also update the estimated rate of mergers similar to GW190521 to 0.08 Gpc-3 yr-1.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
170011
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 May 2022 15:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
21 May 2022 00:55