The prevalence of disability among roma and non-roma children in four West Balkan countries:Cross sectional surveys

Emerson, Eric and Llewellyn, G (2022) The prevalence of disability among roma and non-roma children in four West Balkan countries:Cross sectional surveys. Disability and Health Journal, 15 (4). ISSN 1936-6574

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Background Very little is known about the prevalence of disability among Roma children. Objective To estimate the prevalence of disability and significant cognitive delay among Roma and non-Roma children aged from 2 to 17 years in four West Balkan countries. Methods Secondary analysis of data collected in Round 6 of UNICEF's Multiple Indicators Cluster Surveys. Nationally representative samples of 6290 Roma and 13,005 non-Roma children in Kosovo, Montenegro, the Republic of North Macedonia, and Serbia. Results Roma children were twice as likely to have a disability, a less severe disability, multiple disabilities, and severe cognitive delay than their peers and were more likely to have functional limitations in all but one of the domains investigated. Conclusions Disability is significantly more prevalent among Roma children aged 2–17 years than among their non-Roma peers in four Western Balkan countries. Future research should focus on the extent to which differences in disability may be attributable to differential rates of exposure to a range of social determinants.

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Journal Article
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Disability and Health Journal
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Disability and Health Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Disability and Health Journal, 15, (4), 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2022.101338
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Deposited On:
09 May 2022 11:26
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 02:04