Integrated physiological and hormonal profile of heat-induced thermotolerance in Pinus radiata

Escandón, Mónica and Canal, Maria Jesus and Pascual, Jesús and Pinto, Glória and Correia, Barbara and Amaral, Joana and Meijon, Monica (2016) Integrated physiological and hormonal profile of heat-induced thermotolerance in Pinus radiata. Tree Physiology, 36 (1). pp. 63-77. ISSN 0829-318X

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Despite great interest, not only from the economic point of view but also in terms of basic science, research on heat stress tolerance in conifers remains scarce. To fill this gap, a time-course experiment using expected temperature increase was performed aiming to identify physiological and biochemical traits that allow the characterization of heat-induced thermotolerance and recovery in Pinus radiata D. Don plants. Several physiological parameters were assessed during heat exposure and after recovery, and multiple phytohormones—abscisic acid (ABA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), cytokinins (CKs), gibberellins, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid (SA) and brassinosteroids—were quantified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry from unique sample. Furthermore, tissue specific stress-signaling was monitored by IAA and ABA immunolocalization. Multivariate statistical analysis of the data enabled clustering of the shorter- and longer-term effects of heat stress exposure. Two sequential physiological responses were identified: an immediate and a delayed response, essentially determined by specific phytohormones, proline, malondialdehyde and total soluble sugar patterns. Results showed that ABA and SA play a crucial role in the first stage of response to heat stress, probably due to the plant's urgent need to regulate stomatal closure and counteract the increase in oxidative membrane damage demonstrated in shorter-term exposures. However, in longer exposures and recovery, proline, total sugars, IAA and CKs seem to be more relevant. This integrated approach pinpointed some basic mechanisms of P. radiata physiological responses underlying thermotolerance processes and after recovery.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Tree Physiology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? plant sciencephysiology ??
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Deposited On:
03 May 2022 12:25
Last Modified:
25 Nov 2023 00:31