Variação da fotossíntese e dos teores de carboidratos induzidos por etefom e déficit hídrico na fase de maturação da cana-de-açúcar Guilherme

Roberto, Guilherme Garcia and Cunha, Camila and Sales, Cristina R. G. and Silveira, Neidiquele Maria and Ribeiro, Rafael Vasconcelos and Machado, Eduardo Caruso and Lagoa, Ana Maria Magalhaes Andrade (2015) Variação da fotossíntese e dos teores de carboidratos induzidos por etefom e déficit hídrico na fase de maturação da cana-de-açúcar Guilherme. Bragantia, 74 (4). pp. 379-386. ISSN 1678-4499

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Abstract

An important index for the ethanol industry is the sucrose yield in sugarcane, which is affected by plant ability to accumulate sucrose during ripening. Despite the known efficiency of treatments such as water restriction and the application of regulators to stimulate the sucrose storage in culms, little is known about the physiological responses of the plant that lead to ripening. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological responses of sugarcane to different ripening treatments. Two varieties, IACSP95-5000, with high yield, and IACSP94-2094, with moderate yield were subjected to water deficit or application of chemical regulator (ethephon 480 g ha–1) and both treatments associated. Growth, accumulation of carbohydrates in leaves and culms were measured. It can be concluded that the effects of ethephon on sugarcane are genotype-dependent. Ethephon stimulates sucrose accumulation in the culm and the photosynthate supply by the source in the responsive variety (IACSP95-5000). Such effects are not associated with growth restriction. In relation to the drought combined with the application of ethephon, the responsive variety shows increased sucrose content in culm at the same level as when ethephon is applied alone, hence treatments have no additive effects on sugarcane ripening.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Bragantia
Subjects:
ID Code:
169807
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
03 May 2022 10:36
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 May 2022 10:36