Temporal physiological response of pine to Fusarium circinatum infection is dependent on host susceptibility level:the role of ABA catabolism

Amaral, Joana and Correia, Barbara and Escandón, Mónica and Jesus, Cláudia and Serôdio, João and Valledor, Luis and Hancock, Robert D and Dinis, Lia-Tânia and Gomez-Cadenas, Aurelio and Alves, Artur and Pinto, Glória (2021) Temporal physiological response of pine to Fusarium circinatum infection is dependent on host susceptibility level:the role of ABA catabolism. Tree Physiology, 41 (5). pp. 801-816. ISSN 0829-318X

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Abstract

Pine pitch canker (PPC), caused by Fusarium circinatum Nirenberg and O’Donnell, represents an important threat to conifer forests worldwide, being associated with significant economic losses. Although essential to develop disease mitigation strategies, little research focused on host susceptibility/resistance mechanisms has been conducted. We aimed to explore the response of a highly susceptible (Pinus radiata D. Don) and a relatively resistant (Pinus pinea L.) species to F. circinatum infection at different stages of infection. Morpho-physiological, hormonal and oxidative stress-related changes were assessed for each pine species and sampling point. Most of the changes found occurred in symptomatic P. radiata, for which an increased susceptibility to photoinhibition was detected together with decreased superoxide dismutase activity. Abscisic acid catabolism was activated by F. circinatum inoculation in both pine species, leading to the accumulation of the inactive dihydrophaseic acid in P. radiata and of the less-active phaseic acid in P. pinea. Hormone confocal analysis revealed that this strategy may be of particular importance at 6 d.p.i. in P. pinea, which together with photosynthesis maintenance to fuel defense mechanism, could in part explain the species resistance to PPC. These results are of great interest for the development of hormone-based breeding strategies or for the use of hormone application as inducers of resistance to F. circinatum infection.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Tree Physiology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1314
Subjects:
ID Code:
169362
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
28 Apr 2022 12:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 May 2022 11:25