Situational factors shape moral judgements in the trolley dilemma in Eastern, Southern and Western countries in a culturally diverse sample

Bago, Bence and Kovacs, Marton and Protzko, John and Nagy, Tamas and Kekecs, Zoltan and Palfi, Bence and Adamkovic, Matus and Adamus, Sylwia and Albalooshi, Sumaya and Albayrak-Aydemir, Nihan and Alfian, Ilham N. and Alper, Sinan and Alvarez-Solas, Sara and Alves, Sara G. and Amaya, Santiago and Andresen, Pia K. and Anjum, Gulnaz and Ansari, Daniel and Arriaga, Patrícia and Aruta, John Jamir Benzon R. and Arvanitis, Alexios and Babincak, Peter and Barzykowski, Krystian and Bashour, Bana and Baskin, Ernest and Batalha, Luisa and Batres, Carlota and Bavolar, Jozef and Bayrak, Fatih and Becker, Benjamin and Becker, Maja and Belaus, Anabel and Białek, Michał and Bilancini, Ennio and Boller, Daniel and Boncinelli, Leonardo and Boudesseul, Jordane and Brown, Benjamin T. and Buchanan, Erin M. and Butt, Muhammad M. and Calvillo, Dustin P. and Carnes, Nate C. and Celniker, Jared B. and Chartier, Christopher R. and Chopik, William J. and Chotikavan, Poom and Chuan-Peng, Hu and Clancy, Rockwell F. and Çoker, Ogeday and Correia, Rita C. and Adoric, Vera Cubela and Cubillas, Carmelo P. and Czoschke, Stefan and Daryani, Yalda and de Grefte, Job A. M. and de Vries, Wieteke C. and Burak, Elif G. Demirag and Dias, Carina and Dixson, Barnaby J. W. and Du, Xinkai and Dumančić, Francesca and Dumbravă, Andrei and Dutra, Natalia B. and Enachescu, Janina and Esteban-Serna, Celia and Eudave, Luis and Evans, Thomas R. and Feldman, Gilad and Felisberti, Fatima M. and Fiedler, Susann and Findor, Andrej and Fleischmann, Alexandra and Foroni, Francesco and Francová, Radka and Frank, Darius-Aurel and Fu, Cynthia H. Y. and Gao, Shan and Ghasemi, Omid and Ghazi-Noori, Ali-Reza and Ghossainy, Maliki E. and Giammusso, Isabella and Gill, Tripat and Gjoneska, Biljana and Gollwitzer, Mario and Graton, Aurélien and Grinberg, Maurice and Groyecka-Bernard, Agata and Harris, Elizabeth A. and Hartanto, Andree and Hassan, Widad A. N. M. and Hatami, Javad and Heimark, Katrina R. and Hidding, Jasper J. J. and Hristova, Evgeniya and Hruška, Matej and Hudson, Charlotte A. and Huskey, Richard and Ikeda, Ayumi and Inbar, Yoel and Ingram, Gordon P. D. and Isler, Ozan and Isloi, Chris and Iyer, Aishwarya and Jaeger, Bastian and Janssen, Steve M. J. and Jiménez-Leal, William and Jokić, Biljana and Kačmár, Pavol and Kadreva, Veselina and Kaminski, Gwenaël and Karimi-Malekabadi, Farzan and Kasper, Arno T. A. and Kendrick, Keith M. and Kennedy, Bradley J. and Kocalar, Halil E. and Kodapanakkal, Rabia I. and Kowal, Marta and Kruse, Elliott and Kučerová, Lenka and Kühberger, Anton and Kuzminska, Anna O. and Lalot, Fanny and Lamm, Claus and Lammers, Joris and Lange, Elke B. and Lantian, Anthony and Lau, Ivy Y.-M. and Lazarevic, Ljiljana B. and Leliveld, Marijke C. and Lenz, Jennifer N. and Levitan, Carmel A. and Lewis, Savannah C. and Li, Manyu and Li, Yansong and Li, Haozheng and Lima, Tiago J. S. and Lins, Samuel and Liuzza, Marco Tullio and Lopes, Paula and Lu, Jackson G. and Lynds, Trent and Máčel, Martin and Mackinnon, Sean P. and Maganti, Madhavilatha and Magraw-Mickelson, Zoe and Magson, Leon F. and Manley, Harry and Marcu, Gabriela M. and Seršić, Darja Masli and Matibag, Celine-Justine and Mattiassi, Alan D. A. and Mazidi, Mahdi and McFall, Joseph P. and McLatchie, Neil and Mensink, Michael C. and Miketta, Lena and Milfont, Taciano L. and Mirisola, Alberto and Misiak, Michal and Mitkidis, Panagiotis and Moeini-Jazani, Mehrad and Monajem, Arash and Moreau, David and Musser, Erica D. and Narhetali, Erita and Ochoa, Danielle P. and Olsen, Jerome and Owsley, Nicholas C. and Özdoğru, Asil A. and Panning, Miriam and Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta and Parashar, Neha and Pärnamets, Philip and Paruzel-Czachura, Mariola and Parzuchowski, Michal and Paterlini, Julia V. and Pavlacic, Jeffrey M. and Peker, Mehmet and Peters, Kim and Piatnitckaia, Liudmila and Pinto, Isabel and Policarpio, Monica Renee and Pop-Jordanova, Nada and Pratama, Annas J. and Primbs, Maximilian A. and Pronizius, Ekaterina and Purić, Danka and Puvia, Elisa and Qamari, Vahid and Qian, Kun and Quiamzade, Alain and Ráczová, Beáta and Reinero, Diego A. and Reips, Ulf-Dietrich and Reyna, Cecilia and Reynolds, Kimberly and Ribeiro, Matheus F. F. and Röer, Jan P. and Ross, Robert M. and Roussos, Petros and Ruiz-Dodobara, Fernando and Ruiz-Fernandez, Susana and Rutjens, Bastiaan T. and Rybus, Katarzyna and Samekin, Adil and Santos, Anabela C. and Say, Nicolas and Schild, Christoph and Schmidt, Kathleen and Ścigała, Karolina A. and Sharifian, MohammadHasan and Shi, Jiaxin and Shi, Yaoxi and Sievers, Erin and Sirota, Miroslav and Slipenkyj, Michael and Solak, Çağlar and Sorokowska, Agnieszka and Sorokowski, Piotr and Söylemez, Sinem and Steffens, Niklas K. and Stephen, Ian D. and Sternisko, Anni and Stevens-Wilson, Laura and Stewart, Suzanne L. K. and Stieger, Stefan and Storage, Daniel and Strube, Justine and Susa, Kyle J. and Szekely-Copîndean, Raluca D. and Szostak, Natalia M. and Takwin, Bagus and Tatachari, Srinivasan and Thomas, Andrew G. and Tiede, Kevin E. and Tiong, Lucas E. and Tonković, Mirjana and Trémolière, Bastien and Tunstead, Lauren V. and Türkan, Belgüzar N. and Twardawski, Mathias and Vadillo, Miguel A. and Vally, Zahir and Vaughn, Leigh Ann and Verschuere, Bruno and Vlašiček, Denis and Voracek, Martin and Vranka, Marek A. and Wang, Shuzhen and West, Skye-Loren and Whyte, Stephen and Wilton, Leigh S. and Wlodarczyk, Anna and Wu, Xue and Xin, Fei and Yadanar, Su and Yama, Hiroshi and Yamada, Yuki and Yilmaz, Onurcan and Yoon, Sangsuk and Young, Danielle M. and Zakharov, Ilya and Zein, Rizqy A. and Zettler, Ingo and Žeželj, Iris L. and Zhang, Don C. and Zhang, Jin and Zheng, Xiaoxiao and Hoekstra, Rink and Aczel, Balazs (2022) Situational factors shape moral judgements in the trolley dilemma in Eastern, Southern and Western countries in a culturally diverse sample. Nature Human Behaviour. ISSN 2397-3374

Full text not available from this repository.


The study of moral judgements often centres on moral dilemmas in which options consistent with deontological perspectives (that is, emphasizing rules, individual rights and duties) are in conflict with options consistent with utilitarian judgements (that is, following the greater good based on consequences). Greene et al. (2009) showed that psychological and situational factors (for example, the intent of the agent or the presence of physical contact between the agent and the victim) can play an important role in moral dilemma judgements (for example, the trolley problem). Our knowledge is limited concerning both the universality of these effects outside the United States and the impact of culture on the situational and psychological factors affecting moral judgements. Thus, we empirically tested the universality of the effects of intent and personal force on moral dilemma judgements by replicating the experiments of Greene et al. in 45 countries from all inhabited continents. We found that personal force and its interaction with intention exert influence on moral judgements in the US and Western cultural clusters, replicating and expanding the original findings. Moreover, the personal force effect was present in all cultural clusters, suggesting it is culturally universal. The evidence for the cultural universality of the interaction effect was inconclusive in the Eastern and Southern cultural clusters (depending on exclusion criteria). We found no strong association between collectivism/individualism and moral dilemma judgements.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Human Behaviour
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 May 2022 15:20
Last Modified:
19 May 2022 01:42