Circadian regulation of protein cargo in extracellular vesicles

Yeung, C.-Y.C. and Dondelinger, F. and Schoof, E.M. and Georg, B. and Lu, Y. and Zheng, Z. and Zhang, J. and Hannibal, J. and Fahrenkrug, J. and Kjaer, M. (2022) Circadian regulation of protein cargo in extracellular vesicles. Science Advances, 8 (14). ISSN 2375-2548

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The circadian clock controls many aspects of physiology, but it remains undescribed whether extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, involved in cell-cell communications between tissues are regulated in a circadian pattern. We demonstrate a 24-hour rhythmic abundance of individual proteins in small EVs using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in circadian-synchronized tendon fibroblasts. Furthermore, the release of small EVs enriched in RNA binding proteins was temporally separated from those enriched in cytoskeletal and matrix proteins, which peaked during the end of the light phase. Last, we targeted the protein sorting mechanism in the exosome biogenesis pathway and established (by knockdown of circadian-regulated flotillin-1) that matrix metalloproteinase 14 abundance in tendon fibroblast small EVs is under flotillin-1 regulation. In conclusion, we have identified proteomic time signatures for small EVs released by tendon fibroblasts, which supports the view that the circadian clock regulates protein cargo in EVs involved in cell-cell cross-talk.

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Journal Article
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Science Advances
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27 Apr 2022 15:25
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2023 02:48