Improving colposcopic accuracy for cervical precancer detection:a retrospective multicenter study in China

Wei, B. and Zhang, B. and Xue, P. and Seery, S. and Wang, J. and Li, Q. and Jiang, Y. and Qiao, Y. (2022) Improving colposcopic accuracy for cervical precancer detection:a retrospective multicenter study in China. BMC Cancer, 22 (1). ISSN 1471-2407

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Abstract

Background: Colposcopy alone can result in misidentification of high-grade squamous intraepithelial or worse lesions (HSIL +), especially for women with Type 3 transformation zone (TZ) lesions, where colposcopic assessment is particularly imprecise. This study aimed to improve HSIL + case identification by supplementing referral screening results to colposcopic findings. Methods: This is an observational multicenter study of 2,417 women, referred to colposcopy after receiving cervical cancer screening results. Logistic regression analysis was conducted under uni- and multivariate models to identify factors which could be used to improve HSIL + case identification. Histological diagnosis was established as the gold standard and is used to assess accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity, as well as to incrementally improve colposcopy. Results: Multivariate analysis highlighted age, TZ types, referral screening, and colposcopists’ skills as independent factors. Across this sample population, diagnostic accuracies for detecting HSIL + increased from 72.9% (95%CI 71.1–74.7%) for colposcopy alone to 82.1% (95%CI 80.6–83.6%) after supplementing colposcopy with screening results. A significant increase in colposcopic accuracy was observed across all subgroups. Although, the highest increase was observed in women with a TZ3 lesion, and for those diagnosed by junior colposcopists. Conclusion: It appears possible to supplement colposcopic examinations with screening results to improve HSIL + detection, especially for women with TZ3 lesions. It may also be possible to improve junior colposcopists’ diagnoses although, further psychological research is necessary. We need to understand how levels of uncertainty influence diagnostic decisions and what the concept of “experience” actually is and what it means for colposcopic practice.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
BMC Cancer
Subjects:
ID Code:
169159
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 May 2022 10:10
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
04 May 2022 10:10