Irritable bowel syndrome in the UK military after deployment to Iraq:what are the risk factors?

Goodwin, L and Bourke, JH and Forbes, H and Hotopf, M and Hull, L and Jones, N and Rona, RJ and Wessely, S and Fear, NT (2013) Irritable bowel syndrome in the UK military after deployment to Iraq:what are the risk factors? Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48 (11). pp. 1755-1765. ISSN 0933-7954

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Abstract

Diarrhoea and vomiting (D & V) was common in military personnel during deployment to the initial phases of the Iraq war. D & V is an established risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study examined the prevalence of IBS in a military sample with a history of deployment to Iraq and the association between D & V and common mental disorder (CMD) with IBS. Methods The study used data from a two-phase cohort study of military/personnel. The sample was restricted to individuals who had been deployed to Iraq before phase 1 of the study and who had completed the self-report D & V question. A measure of probable IBS was derived at both phases of the study based on self-reported symptoms in the previous month. CMD was assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Results Fifty-nine percent of the sample reported a D & V event and 6.6 % met the criteria for probable IBS at phase 1. Reporting D & V, thinking one might be killed on deployment, poor physical health and CMD were associated with probable IBS at phase 1. CMD at phase 1 was strongly associated with chronic symptoms of IBS. Conclusions There was a high prevalence of D & V during deployment to the early stages of the Iraq war, yet the prevalence of probable IBS on return from deployment was relatively low. D & V was strongly associated with IBS after deployment, and CMD was a risk factor for chronic symptoms of IBS.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2738
Subjects:
ID Code:
169138
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Apr 2022 13:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
21 Apr 2022 13:15