The economic burden of overweight and obesity in Saudi Arabia

Malkin, Jesse D and Baid, Drishti and Alsukait, Reem F and Alghaith, Taghred and Alluhidan, Mohammed and Alabdulkarim, Hana and Altowaijri, Abdulaziz and Almalki, Ziyad S and Herbst, Christopher H and Finkelstein, Eric Andrew and El-Saharty, Sameh and Alazemi, Nahar (2022) The economic burden of overweight and obesity in Saudi Arabia. PLoS ONE, 17 (3). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

ContextThe prevalence of overweight and obesity in Saudi Arabia has been rising. Although the health burden of excess weight is well established, little is known about the economic burden.AimsTo assess the economic burden-both direct medical costs and the value of absenteeism and presenteeism-resulting from overweight and obesity in Saudi Arabia.Settings and designThe cost of overweight and obesity in Saudi Arabia was estimated from a societal perspective using an epidemiologic approach.Methods and materialsData were obtained from previously published studies and secondary databases.Statistical analysis usedOverweight/obesity-attributable costs were calculated for six major noncommunicable diseases; sensitivity analyses were conducted for key model parameters.ResultsThe impact of overweight and obesity for these diseases is found to directly cost a total of $3.8 billion, equal to 4.3 percent of total health expenditures in Saudi Arabia in 2019. Estimated overweight and obesity-attributable absenteeism and presenteeism costs a total of $15.5 billion, equal to 0.9 percent of GDP in 2019.ConclusionsEven when limited to six diseases and a subset of total indirect costs, results indicate that overweight and obesity are a significant economic burden in Saudi Arabia. Future studies should identify strategies to reduce the health and economic burden resulting from excess weight in Saudi Arabia.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
PLoS ONE
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
168744
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 May 2022 10:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
21 May 2022 00:55