Language use in an English-medium instruction university in Lebanon : Implications for the validity of international and local English tests for admissions

Iliovits, Myriam and Harding, Luke and Pill, John (2022) Language use in an English-medium instruction university in Lebanon : Implications for the validity of international and local English tests for admissions. Journal of English-Medium Instruction, 1 (2). pp. 153-179. ISSN 2666-8882

[thumbnail of Iliovits_et_al_FINAL_ACCEPTED_MS]
Text (Iliovits_et_al_FINAL_ACCEPTED_MS)
Iliovits_et_al_FINAL_ACCEPTED_MS.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (399kB)

Abstract

nglish-medium instruction (EMI) universities in non-English-dominant contexts often use internationally available tests of English (e.g., TOEFL) and/or locally developed tests to assess the academic English-language proficiency of applicants prior to admission. However, little research has been conducted to establish the extent to which either type of test reflects the real-world classroom discourse, and associated communicative demands, within these often multilingual educational contexts. In this paper, we report on one part of a larger study designed to address this research gap in a particular EMI environment – the American University of Beirut (AUB) in Lebanon. We collected and analysed samples of language use at AUB through non-participant ethnographic observations and video recordings of eight undergraduate classes across academic disciplines. Findings indicated that classes were varied in nature, shifted between registers and levels of interaction, involved a range of translanguaging and English as a Lingua Franca-oriented phenomena, and included meta-commentary about language use. We argue that speaking and listening constructs in English-language admissions tests used in EMI contexts ideally need to be localised or locally developed to best match the unique language use characteristics of these settings.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of English-Medium Instruction
Subjects:
?? language assessmentlanguage testsuniversity admissionslecture discoursedomain analysis ??
ID Code:
168537
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 May 2022 12:57
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
28 Apr 2024 23:51