Resveratrol prevents social deficits in animal model of autism induced by valproic acid

Bambini-Junior, Victorio and Zanatta, Geancarlo and Della Flora Nunes, Gustavo and Mueller de Melo, Gabriela and Michels, Marcus and Fontes-Dutra, Mellanie and Nogueira Freire, Valder and Riesgo, Rudimar and Gottfried, Carmem (2014) Resveratrol prevents social deficits in animal model of autism induced by valproic acid. Neuroscience Letters, 583. pp. 176-181. ISSN 0304-3940

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) involve a complex interplay of both genetic and environmental risk factors, such as prenatal exposure to valproic acid (VPA). Considering the neuroprotective, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol (RSV), we investigated the influence of prenatal RSV treatment on social behaviors of a rodent model of autism induced by prenatal exposure to VPA. In the three-chambered apparatus test, the VPA group showed a reduced place preference conditioned by conspecific and no preference between exploring a wire-cage or a rat enclosed inside a wire cage, revealing sociability impairments. Prenatal administration of RSV prevented the VPA-induced social impairments evaluated in this study. A bioinformatics analysis was used to discard possible molecular interactions between VPA and RSV during administration. The interaction energy between RSV and VPA is weak and highly unstable, suggesting cellular effects instead of a single chemical process. In summary, the present study highlights a promising experimental strategy to evaluate new molecular targets possibly involved in the etiology of autism and developmental alterations implicated in neural and behavioral impairments in ASD.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Neuroscience Letters
Additional Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800
Subjects:
ID Code:
168526
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Apr 2022 14:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 May 2022 03:33