Search for an anomalous excess of charged-current quasi-elastic $ν_e$ interactions with the MicroBooNE experiment using Deep-Learning-based reconstruction

, MicroBooNE Collaboration and Blake, A. and Devitt, Alesha and Nowak, J. and Patel, N. and Thorpe, C. (2022) Search for an anomalous excess of charged-current quasi-elastic $ν_e$ interactions with the MicroBooNE experiment using Deep-Learning-based reconstruction. Physical Review D. ISSN 1550-7998 (In Press)

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Abstract

We present a measurement of the $\nu_e$-interaction rate in the MicroBooNE detector that addresses the observed MiniBooNE anomalous low-energy excess (LEE). The approach taken isolates neutrino interactions consistent with the kinematics of charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) events. The topology of such signal events has a final state with 1 electron, 1 proton, and 0 mesons ($1e1p$). Multiple novel techniques are employed to identify a $1e1p$ final state, including particle identification that use two methods of deep-learning-based image identification, and event isolation using a boosted decision-tree ensemble trained to recognize two-body scattering kinematics. This analysis selects 25 $\nu_e$-candidate events in the reconstructed neutrino energy range of 200--1200\,MeV, while $29.0 \pm 1.9_\text{(sys)} \pm 5.4_\text{(stat)}$ are predicted when using $\nu_\mu$ CCQE interactions as a constraint. We use a simplified model to translate the MiniBooNE LEE observation into a prediction for a $\nu_e$ signal in MicroBooNE. A $\Delta \chi^2$ test statistic, based on the combined Neyman--Pearson $\chi^2$ formalism, is used to define frequentist confidence intervals for the LEE signal strength. Using this technique, in the case of no LEE signal, we expect this analysis to exclude a normalization factor of 0.75 (0.98) times the median MiniBooNE LEE signal strength at 90\% ($2\sigma$) confidence level, while the MicroBooNE data yield an exclusion of 0.25 (0.38) times the median MiniBooNE LEE signal strength at 90\% ($2\sigma$) confidence

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review D
Additional Information:
© 2022 American Physical Society
Subjects:
ID Code:
168042
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 Mar 2022 15:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
12 May 2022 00:55