Neutral Air Turbulence in the Mesosphere and Associated Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes (PMSEs)

Mahmoudian, A. and Kosch, M. J. and Scales, W. A. and Rietveld, M. T. and Pinedo, H. (2022) Neutral Air Turbulence in the Mesosphere and Associated Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes (PMSEs). Radio Science, 57 (2): e2021RS007. ISSN 0048-6604

[thumbnail of template - RS(MJK)]
Text (template - RS(MJK))
template_RS_MJK_.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (2MB)


The first true common volume observations of the PMSE source region with 4 radars are presented in this paper. Radar frequencies of 8, 56, 224, and 930 MHz are used in this study. Three days of experimental observations at EISCAT are presented. Numerical simulations of mesospheric dusty/ice plasma associated with the observed radar frequencies are presented. The effect of neutral air turbulence on the generation and strength of plasma density perturbations associated with PMSE using four radar frequencies and in the presence of various dust parameters is investigated. Using the model it is shown that the well-known neutral air turbulence in the presence of heavy dust particles and neutral air turbulence combined with dust density (dusty turbulence) can largely explain the observed radar cross-section at four radar frequencies. The effect of neutral air turbulence amplitude along with dust charging and diffusion in the presence of various dust parameters is investigated using the computational model. Specifically, the response of diffusion to charging time scales, plasma density fluctuation amplitude and background dusty plasma parameters are discussed. Several key parameters in the dusty plasma responsible for the PMSE observations are determined. Qualitative comparison of radar echo strength at 4 frequencies with numerical results is provided. Unlike the previous studies that required large dust particles of 20 nm for PMSE formation, the present work demonstrates the possibility of small dust particles to explain the experimental observations.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Radio Science
Additional Information:
An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2022 American Geophysical Union. Mahmoudian, A., Kosch, M. J., Scales, W. A., Rietveld, M. T., & Pinedo, H. (2022). Neutral air turbulence in the mesosphere and associated polar mesospheric summer echoes (PMSEs). Radio Science, 57, e2021RS007371.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? electrical and electronic engineeringgeneral earth and planetary sciencescondensed matter physicsinstrumentationcomputers in earth sciencesgeochemistry and petrologycomputer networks and communicationsgeophysicsatmospheric science ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
25 Mar 2022 13:50
Last Modified:
17 Jun 2024 00:04