Prediction of Soil Heavy Metal Immobilization by Biochar Using Machine Learning

Palansooriya, Kumuduni N. and Li, Jie and Dissanayake, Pavani D. and Suvarna, Manu and Li, Lanyu and Yuan, Xiangzhou and Sarkar, Binoy and Tsang, Daniel C. W. and Rinklebe, Jörg and Wang, Xiaonan and Ok, Yong Sik (2022) Prediction of Soil Heavy Metal Immobilization by Biochar Using Machine Learning. Environmental Science and Technology, 56 (7). pp. 4187-4198. ISSN 0013-936X

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Biochar application is a promising strategy for the remediation of contaminated soil, while ensuring sustainable waste management. Biochar remediation of heavy metal (HM)-contaminated soil primarily depends on the properties of the soil, biochar, and HM. The optimum conditions for HM immobilization in biochar-amended soils are site-specific and vary among studies. Therefore, a generalized approach to predict HM immobilization efficiency in biochar-amended soils is required. This study employs machine learning (ML) approaches to predict the HM immobilization efficiency of biochar in biochar-amended soils. The nitrogen content in the biochar (0.3–25.9%) and biochar application rate (0.5–10%) were the two most significant features affecting HM immobilization. Causal analysis showed that the empirical categories for HM immobilization efficiency, in the order of importance, were biochar properties > experimental conditions > soil properties > HM properties. Therefore, this study presents new insights into the effects of biochar properties and soil properties on HM immobilization. This approach can help determine the optimum conditions for enhanced HM immobilization in biochar-amended soils.

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Journal Article
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Environmental Science and Technology
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24 Mar 2022 12:10
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2023 02:46