Producing and imaging quantum turbulence via pair-breaking in superfluid \textsuperscript{3}He-B

Noble, Theo and Ahlstrom, Sean and Bradley, Ian and Guise, Edward Ashley and Haley, Richard and Kafanov, Sergey and Pickett, George and Poole, Malcolm and Schanen, Roch and Wilcox, Tom and Woods, Andrew and Zmeev, Dmitry and Tsepelin, Viktor (2022) Producing and imaging quantum turbulence via pair-breaking in superfluid \textsuperscript{3}He-B. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. ISSN 1098-0121 (In Press)

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Abstract

Destroying superfluidity is a fundamental process and in fermionic superfluid such as \textsuperscript{3}He-B it splits Cooper pairs into thermal excitations, quasiparticles. At the lowest temperatures, a gas of these quasiparticle excitations is tenuous enough for the propagation to be ballistic. We describe here an exploitation of the ballistic quasiparticles as the ``photons’’ to observe the local destruction of superfluid \textsuperscript{3}He-B by a mechanical resonator. We use a 5 by 5 pixel quasiparticle camera to image an emergence of quasiparticle excitations and a tangle of quantized vortices accompanying the pair-breaking. The detected quantum tangle is asymmetric around the mechanical resonator and is governed by the stability of vortices on the resonator surface. The vortex distribution shows that a conventional production of a quantum tangle via repetitive emission of vortex rings starts on the top surface of the generator and spreads around whole surface at high velocity when escaping vortex rings get re-trapped by the moving resonator.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
ID Code:
167678
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 Mar 2022 15:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
27 May 2022 23:43