Perceiving societal pressure to be happy is linked to poor well-being, especially in happy nations

Dejonckheere, E. and Rhee, J.J. and Baguma, P.K. and Barry, O. and Becker, M. and Bilewicz, M. and Castelain, T. and Costantini, G. and Dimdins, G. and Espinosa, A. and Finchilescu, G. and Friese, M. and Gastardo-Conaco, M.C. and Gómez, A. and González, R. and Goto, N. and Halama, P. and Hurtado-Parrado, C. and Jiga-Boy, G.M. and Karl, J.A. and Novak, L. and Ausmees, L. and Loughnan, S. and Mastor, K.A. and McLatchie, N. and Onyishi, I.E. and Rizwan, M. and Schaller, M. and Serafimovska, E. and Suh, E.M. and Swann W.B., Jr and Tong, E.M.W. and Torres, A. and Turner, R.N. and Vinogradov, A. and Wang, Z. and Yeung, V.W.-L. and Amiot, C.E. and Boonyasiriwat, W. and Peker, M. and Van Lange, P.A.M. and Vauclair, C.-M. and Kuppens, P. and Bastian, B. (2022) Perceiving societal pressure to be happy is linked to poor well-being, especially in happy nations. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Happiness is a valuable experience, and societies want their citizens to be happy. Although this societal commitment seems laudable, overly emphasizing positivity (versus negativity) may create an unattainable emotion norm that ironically compromises individual well-being. In this multi-national study (40 countries; 7443 participants), we investigate how societal pressure to be happy and not sad predicts emotional, cognitive and clinical indicators of well-being around the world, and examine how these relations differ as a function of countries' national happiness levels (collected from the World Happiness Report). Although detrimental well-being associations manifest for an average country, the strength of these relations varies across countries. People's felt societal pressure to be happy and not sad is particularly linked to poor well-being in countries with a higher World Happiness Index. Although the cross-sectional nature of our work prohibits causal conclusions, our findings highlight the correlational link between social emotion valuation and individual well-being, and suggest that high national happiness levels may have downsides for some.

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Journal Article
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Scientific Reports
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03 Mar 2022 12:20
Last Modified:
21 Sep 2023 03:14