Species-specific variation of photosynthesis and mesophyll conductance to ozone and drought in three Mediterranean oaks

Hoshika, Yasutomo and Paoletti, Elena and Centritto, Mauro and Gomes, Marcos Thiago Gaudio and Puértolas, Jaime and Haworth, Matthew (2022) Species-specific variation of photosynthesis and mesophyll conductance to ozone and drought in three Mediterranean oaks. Physiologia Plantarum, 174 (1). ISSN 0031-9317

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Mesophyll conductance (g ) is one of the most important components in plant photosynthesis. Tropospheric ozone (O ) and drought impair physiological processes, causing damage to photosynthetic systems. However, the combined effects of O and drought on g are still largely unclear. We investigated leaf gas exchange during mid-summer in three Mediterranean oaks exposed to O (ambient [35.2 nmol mol as daily mean]; 1.4 × ambient) and water treatments (WW [well-watered] and WD [water-deficit]). We also examined if leaf traits (leaf mass per area [LMA], foliar abscisic acid concentration [ABA]) could influence the diffusion of CO inside a leaf. The combination of O and WD significantly decreased net photosynthetic rate (P ) regardless of the species. The reduction of photosynthesis was associated with a decrease in g and stomatal conductance (g ) in evergreen Q. ilex, while the two deciduous oaks (Q. pubescens, Q. robur) also showed a reduction of the maximum rate of carboxylation (V ) and maximum electron transport rate (J ) with decreased diffusive conductance parameters. The reduction of g was correlated with increased [ABA] in the three oaks, whereas there was a negative correlation between g with LMA in Q. pubescens. Interestingly, two deciduous oaks showed a weak or no significant correlation between g and ABA under high O and WD due to impaired stomatal physiological behaviour, indicating that the reduction of P was related to g rather than g . The results suggest that g plays an important role in plant carbon gain under concurrent increases in the severity of drought and O pollution.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physiologia Plantarum
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1314
Subjects:
ID Code:
166958
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Mar 2022 16:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
04 May 2022 02:47