Managing fisheries for maximum nutrient yield

Robinson, James P.W. and Nash, Kirsty L. and Blanchard, Julia L. and Jacobsen, Nis S. and Maire, Eva and Graham, Nicholas A.J. and MacNeil, M. Aaron and Zamborain‐Mason, Jessica and Allison, Edward H. and Hicks, Christina C. (2022) Managing fisheries for maximum nutrient yield. Fish and Fisheries. ISSN 1467-2960

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Abstract

Wild‐caught fish are a bioavailable source of nutritious food that, if managed strategically, could enhance diet quality for billions of people. However, optimising nutrient production from the sea has not been a priority, hindering development of nutrition‐sensitive policies. With fisheries management increasingly effective at rebuilding stocks and regulating sustainable fishing, we can now begin to integrate nutritional outcomes within existing management frameworks. Here, we develop a conceptual foundation for managing fisheries for multispecies Maximum Nutrient Yield (mMNY). We empirically test our approach using size‐based models of North Sea and Baltic Sea fisheries and show that mMNY is predicted by the relative contribution of nutritious species to total catch and their vulnerability to fishing, leading to trade‐offs between catch and specific nutrients. Simulated nutrient yield curves suggest that vitamin D, which is deficient in Northern European diets, was underfished at fishing levels that returned maximum catch weights. Analysis of global catch data shows there is scope for nutrient yields from most of the world's marine fisheries to be enhanced through nutrient‐sensitive fisheries management. With nutrient composition data now widely available, we expect our mMNY framework to motivate development of nutrient‐based reference points in specific contexts, such as data‐limited fisheries. Managing for mMNY alongside policies that promote access to fish could help close nutrient gaps for coastal populations, maximising the contribution of wild‐caught fish to global food and nutrition security.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Fish and Fisheries
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2308
Subjects:
ID Code:
166957
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
10 Mar 2022 14:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
09 May 2022 12:55