The LEGA-C of Nature and Nurture in Stellar Populations at z ∼ 0.6–1.0: D n 4000 and H δ Reveal Different Assembly Histories for Quiescent Galaxies in Different Environments

Sobral, David and van der Wel, Arjen and Bezanson, Rachel and Bell, Eric and Muzzin, Adam and D’Eugenio, Francesco and Darvish, Behnam and Gallazzi, Anna and Wu, Po-Feng and Maseda, Michael and Matthee, Jorryt and Paulino-Afonso, Ana and Straatman, Caroline and van Dokkum, Pieter G. (2022) The LEGA-C of Nature and Nurture in Stellar Populations at z ∼ 0.6–1.0: D n 4000 and H δ Reveal Different Assembly Histories for Quiescent Galaxies in Different Environments. The Astrophysical Journal, 926 (2). ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

Abstract: Galaxy evolution is driven by a variety of physical processes that are predicted to proceed at different rates for different dark matter haloes and environments across cosmic times. A record of this evolution is preserved in galaxy stellar populations, which we can access using absorption-line spectroscopy. Here we explore the large LEGA-C survey (DR3) to investigate the role of the environment and stellar mass on stellar populations at z ∼ 0.6–1 in the COSMOS field. Leveraging the statistical power and depth of LEGA-C, we reveal significant gradients in D n 4000 and Hδ equivalent widths (EWs) distributions over the stellar mass versus environment 2D spaces for the massive galaxy population (M > 1010 M ⊙) at z ∼ 0.6–1.0. D n 4000 and Hδ EWs primarily depend on stellar mass, but they also depend on environment at fixed stellar mass. By splitting the sample into centrals and satellites, and in terms of star-forming galaxies and quiescent galaxies, we reveal that the significant environmental trends of D n 4000 and Hδ EW, when controlling for stellar mass, are driven by quiescent galaxies. Regardless of being centrals or satellites, star-forming galaxies reveal D n 4000 and Hδ EWs, which depend strongly on their stellar mass and are completely independent of the environment at 0.6 <z <1.0. The environmental trends seen for satellite galaxies are fully driven by the trends that hold only for quiescent galaxies, combined with the strong environmental dependency of the quiescent fraction at fixed stellar mass. Our results are consistent with recent predictions from simulations that point toward massive galaxies forming first in overdensities or the most compact dark matter haloes.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Astrophysical Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
166956
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Mar 2022 14:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 May 2022 02:03