Highly selective solvent extraction of Zn( II ) and Cr( III ) with trioctylmethylammonium chloride ionic liquid

Alves‐Lima, Décio F. and Rodrigues, Carmina F. and Pinheiro, Carolina T. and Gando‐Ferreira, Licínio M. and Quina, Margarida J. and Ferreira, Abel G. (2022) Highly selective solvent extraction of Zn( II ) and Cr( III ) with trioctylmethylammonium chloride ionic liquid. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering (Wiley InterScience Publishers), 100 (1). pp. 131-142.

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Abstract

This study investigates the recovery of Zn(II) and Cr(III) from aqueous solutions based on solvent extraction with trioctylmethylammonium chloride [TOMA+][Cl-], commercialy named Aliquat 336. Single metal solutions and binary mixtures of both metals were considered. The effect of relevant operating conditions such as pH, contact time, initial concentration, O/A phase volumetric ratio, and temperature were evaluated. Additionally, loading capacity and stripping studies were performed. Results showed that [TOMA+][Cl−] is an effective extracting agent for Zn(II), reaching maximum removal capacity at pH 1.8 and demonstrating fast extraction kinetics. Extraction efficiencies above 99% were achieved at 0.5, 0.75, and 1.00 O/A volumetric phase ratios for 0.1 g/L initial Zn(II) concentration. At 1 g/L and 10 g/L concentration, for the same O/A ratios, approximately 88% of the initial Zn(II) was extracted. In contrast, it was found that negligible amounts of Cr(III) were transferred to the [TOMA+][Cl−] phase at the 1-5 pH range. Selectivity studies showed that Zn(II) removal is boosted in the presence of Cr(III), although no Cr(III) is extracted. [TOMA+][Cl−] exhibited a high Zn(II) storage capacity, since after 25 loading cycles with 1 g/L, the loading capacity reached approximately 13.5 g/L, and after five loading cycles with 5 g/L, the capacity reached 19.4 g/L. Stripping tests revealed that NaOH is an efficient agent for the removal of Zn(II) from the ionic liquids, reaching 98.5% removal after two cycles, whereas HNO3 is not a suitable agent, reaching less than 40% removal after three cycles. [TOMA+][Cl−] revealed high potential for separating Zn(II) from Cr(III).

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering (Wiley InterScience Publishers)
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1500
Subjects:
ID Code:
166675
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
28 Feb 2022 13:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 May 2022 04:26