Proton Temperature Anisotropies in the Venus Plasma Environment During Solar Minimum and Maximum

Rojas Mata, S. and Stenberg Wieser, G. and Futaana, Y. and Bader, A. and Persson, M. and Fedorov, A. and Zhang, T. (2022) Proton Temperature Anisotropies in the Venus Plasma Environment During Solar Minimum and Maximum. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127 (1). ISSN 2169-9402

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The proton population in Venus' plasma environment is characterized during periods of solar minimum and maximum using data from a particle mass-energy spectrometer. Such characterizations at different levels of solar activity provides physical insight into solar-cycle-dependent plasma phenomena around the planet, for example mirror modes in the magnetosheath. Statistical distributions of proton bulk speeds and temperatures are generated using a previously developed method which applies Maxwellian fits to measurements of the protons' velocity distribution function. Spatial maps and probability-density histograms comparing the proton parameters between the two time periods are presented. The temperatures perpendicular (T⊥) and parallel (T∥) to the background magnetic field are found to be 20%–35% lower during solar maximum. Though the overall distributions of the temperature ratio T⊥/T∥ do not change, the regions with higher anisotropy (T⊥/T∥ > 1) are found farther downstream from the bow shock during solar maximum than minimum. This is consistent with the previously observed growth of mirror modes during solar maximum and their decay during minimum.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
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24 Feb 2022 11:45
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2023 02:26