Revised recommendations on standards and norms for palliative care in Europe from the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC):A Delphi study

Payne, Sheila and Harding, Andrew and Williams, Thomas and Ling, Julie and Ostgathe, Christoph (2022) Revised recommendations on standards and norms for palliative care in Europe from the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC):A Delphi study. Palliative Medicine. ISSN 0269-2163

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Text (Payne S Harding A Wlliams T Ling J Ostgathe Revised recommendations on standards and norms for palliative care Palliative Medicine 2022 02692163221074547)
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Abstract

Background: In 2009, the EAPC published recommendations on standards and norms for palliative care in Europe, and a decade later, wished to update them to reflect contemporary practice. Aim: To elicit consensus on standards and norms for palliative care in Europe, taking account of developments since 2009. Design: A Delphi technique used three sequential online survey rounds, and a final expert consultation (EAPC Board). The original 2009 questionnaire with 134 statements was updated with 13 new concepts and practices following a scoping of the literature between 2009 and 2020 (total: 147 statements). Setting/participants: One contact of Boards of 52 national European organisations affiliated to the EAPC were invited to participate, with subsequent rounds sent to respondees. The EAPC Board (n = 13) approved final recommendations. Results: In Round 1: 30 organisations (14 organisations × two people, 16 organisations × one person, total n = 44) in 27 countries responded (response rate 58% organisations, 82% countries), Round 2 (n = 40), Round 3 (n = 38). 119 statements reached consensus in Round 1, 9 in Round 2, 7 in Round 3. In total 135/145 statements in five domains (terminology, philosophy, levels, delivery, services) reached consensus (defined as >75% agreement), (122) were original EAPC recommendations with 13 new recommendations included emerging specialisms: neonatal, geriatric and dementia care, and better care practices. Seven statements failed to reach consensus and four were removed as irrelevant or repetition. Conclusions: Most recommendations on standards and norms for palliative care in Europe remain unchanged since 2009. Evolving concepts in palliative care can be used to support advocacy.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Palliative Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
166020
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
11 Feb 2022 15:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 May 2022 07:47