Incidence and risk factors of long COVID in the UK:a single-centre observational study

Nune, Arvind and Durkowski, Victor and Titman, Andrew and Gupta, Latika and Hadzhiivanov, Marin and Ahmed, Ashar and Musat, Cristina and Sapktoa, Hem (2021) Incidence and risk factors of long COVID in the UK:a single-centre observational study. The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 51 (4). pp. 338-343. ISSN 1478-2715

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Abstract

Background Studies to evaluate long COVID symptoms and their risk factors are limited. We evaluated the presence of long COVID and its risk factors in patients discharged from a hospital with COVID-19 illness. Methods This observational study included 271 COVID-19 patients admitted between February and July 2020 in a hospital in the UK. The primary outcome measure was to assess the duration and severity of long COVID and its predictors at 3, 6 and 9 months. Logistic regression was performed to assess the potential risk factors for long COVID. Results Out of 89 patients interviewed, 55 (62%) had long COVID for 3 months, 46 (52%) for 6 months and 37 of the 75 patients admitted to the hospital with acute COVID-19 had long COVID for 9 months (49%). The most common long COVID symptoms were fatigue and breathlessness. Conclusion Nearly two-thirds of patients at 3 months and a half at 9 months had long COVID. COVID-19 pneumonia was the strongest predictor of long COVID in Caucasians at 3 months.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
164607
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Jan 2022 12:22
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 10:54