Freeze-dried curdlan/whey protein isolate-based biomaterial as promising scaffold for matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation – A pilot in vitro study

Klimek, Katarzyna and Tarczynska, Marta and Truszkiewicz, Wieslaw and Gaweda, Krzysztof and Douglas, Timothy and Ginalska, Grazyna (2022) Freeze-dried curdlan/whey protein isolate-based biomaterial as promising scaffold for matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation – A pilot in vitro study. Cells, 11 (2).

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Abstract

The purpose of this pilot study was to establish whether a novel freeze-dried curdlan/whey protein isolate-based biomaterial may be taken into consideration as a potential scaffold for matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation. For this reason, this biomaterial was initially characterized by the visualization of its micro- and macrostructures as well as evaluation of its mechanical stability, and its ability to undergo enzymatic degradation in vitro. Subsequently, the cytocompatibility of the biomaterial towards human chondrocytes (isolated from an orthopaedic patient) was assessed. It was demonstrated that the novel freeze-dried curdlan/whey protein isolate-based biomaterial possessed a porous structure and a Young’s modulus close to those of the superficial and middle zones of cartilage. It also exhibited controllable degradability in collagenase II solution over nine weeks. Most importantly, this biomaterial supported the viability and proliferation of human chondrocytes, which maintained their characteristic phenotype. Moreover, quantitative reverse transcription PCR analysis and confocal microscope observations revealed that the biomaterial may protect chondrocytes from dedifferentiation towards fibroblast-like cells during 12-day culture. Thus, in conclusion, this pilot study demonstrated that novel freeze-dried curdlan/whey protein isolate-based biomaterial may be considered as a potential scaffold for matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Cells
Subjects:
ID Code:
164579
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Jan 2022 16:24
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 11:00