Land cover classification from remote sensing images based on multi-scale fully convolutional network

Li, Rui and Zheng, Shunyi and Duan, Chenxi and Wang, Libo and Zhang, Ce (2022) Land cover classification from remote sensing images based on multi-scale fully convolutional network. Geo-spatial Information Science, 25 (2). pp. 278-294. ISSN 1009-5020

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Although the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has shown great potential for land cover classification, the frequently used single-scale convolution kernel limits the scope of information extraction. Therefore, we propose a Multi-Scale Fully Convolutional Network (MSFCN) with a multi-scale convolutional kernel as well as a Channel Attention Block (CAB) and a Global Pooling Module (GPM) in this paper to exploit discriminative representations from two-dimensional (2D) satellite images. Meanwhile, to explore the ability of the proposed MSFCN for spatio-temporal images, we expand our MSFCN to three-dimension using three-dimensional (3D) CNN, capable of harnessing each land cover category’s time series interaction from the reshaped spatio-temporal remote sensing images. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed MSFCN, we conduct experiments on two spatial datasets and two spatio-temporal datasets. The proposed MSFCN achieves 60.366% on the WHDLD dataset and 75.127% on the GID dataset in terms of mIoU index while the figures for two spatio-temporal datasets are 87.753% and 77.156%. Extensive comparative experiments and ablation studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed MSFCN. Code will be available at

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Geo-spatial Information Science
Additional Information:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Geo-spatial Information Science on 07/01/2022, available online:
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? spatio-temporal remote sensing imagesmulti-scale fully convolutional networkland cover classificationcomputers in earth sciencesgeography, planning and development ??
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Deposited On:
12 Jan 2022 15:25
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 22:14