Hybrid quantum classical graph neural networks for particle track reconstruction

Tüysüz, C. and Rieger, C. and Novotny, K. and Demirköz, B. and Dobos, D. and Potamianos, K. and Vallecorsa, S. and Vlimant, J.-R. and Forster, R. (2021) Hybrid quantum classical graph neural networks for particle track reconstruction. Quantum Machine Intelligence, 3 (2). ISSN 2524-4906

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Abstract

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) will be upgraded to further increase the instantaneous rate of particle collisions (luminosity) and become the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). This increase in luminosity will significantly increase the number of particles interacting with the detector. The interaction of particles with a detector is referred to as “hit”. The HL-LHC will yield many more detector hits, which will pose a combinatorial challenge by using reconstruction algorithms to determine particle trajectories from those hits. This work explores the possibility of converting a novel graph neural network model, that can optimally take into account the sparse nature of the tracking detector data and their complex geometry, to a hybrid quantum-classical graph neural network that benefits from using variational quantum layers. We show that this hybrid model can perform similar to the classical approach. Also, we explore parametrized quantum circuits (PQC) with different expressibility and entangling capacities, and compare their training performance in order to quantify the expected benefits. These results can be used to build a future road map to further develop circuit-based hybrid quantum-classical graph neural networks.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Quantum Machine Intelligence
Subjects:
ID Code:
163419
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Dec 2021 11:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Dec 2021 11:35