Labor Market Effects of Technology Shocks Biased toward the Traded Sector

Bertinelli, Luisito and Cardi, Olivier and Restout, Romain (2021) Labor Market Effects of Technology Shocks Biased toward the Traded Sector. Working Paper. Lancaster University, Department of Economics, Lancaster.

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Motivated by recent evidence pointing at an increasing contribution of asymmetric shocks across sectors to economic fluctuations, we explore the labor market effects of technology shocks biased toward the traded sector. Our VAR evidence for seventeen OECD countries reveals that the non-traded sector alone drives the increase in total hours worked following a technology shock that increases permanently traded relative to non-traded TFP. The shock generates a reallocation of labor toward the non-traded sector which contributes to 35% on average of the rise in non-traded hours worked. Both labor reallocation and variations in labor income shares are found empirically connected with factor-biased technological change. Our quantitative analysis shows that a two-sector open economy model with flexible prices can reproduce the labor market effects we document empirically once we allow for imperfect mobility of labor, gross substitutability between home- and foreign-produced traded goods, and factor-biased technological change. When calibrating the model to country-specific data, its ability to account for the cross-country reallocation and redistributive effects we estimate increases once we let factor-biased technological change vary between sectors and across countries.

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Monograph (Working Paper)
?? sector-biased technology shocksfactor-augmenting efficiencyopen economylabor reallocationces production functionlabor income sharee21e32f11f41o33 ??
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07 Dec 2021 15:50
Last Modified:
12 Feb 2024 00:58