Dales, H.G. and Pham, H.L. and Żelazko, W.
(2021)
*Maximal abelian subalgebras of Banach algebras.*
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society.
ISSN 0024-6093

## Abstract

Let (Formula presented.) be a commutative, unital Banach algebra. We consider the number of different non-commutative, unital Banach algebras (Formula presented.) such that (Formula presented.) is a maximal abelian subalgebra in (Formula presented.). For example, we shall prove that, in the case where (Formula presented.) is an infinite-dimensional, unital Banach function algebra, (Formula presented.) is a maximal abelian subalgebra in infinitely-many closed subalgebras of (Formula presented.) such that no two distinct subalgebras are isomorphic; the same result holds for certain examples (Formula presented.) that are local algebras. We shall also give examples of uniform algebras of the form (Formula presented.), where (Formula presented.) is a compact space, with the property that there exists a family of arbitrarily large cardinality of pairwise non-isomorphic unital Banach algebras (Formula presented.) such that each (Formula presented.) contains (Formula presented.) as a closed subalgebra and is such that (Formula presented.) is a maximal abelian subalgebra in (Formula presented.).