Trust and conflict in collaborative groups in engineering education:A multi-case study of using a computer orchestrated group learning environment with neurologically typical, autistic and ADHD students

Malik, Manish (2021) Trust and conflict in collaborative groups in engineering education:A multi-case study of using a computer orchestrated group learning environment with neurologically typical, autistic and ADHD students. PhD thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

[img]
Text (2021MalikPhD)
2021MalikPhD.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB)

Abstract

Collaborative approaches, such as Flipped Classroom and Project Based Learning, are commonly used within engineering education. Challenges linked to group-work often render these approaches ineffective, inefficient and less inclusive. Self, Co and Shared regulation scripts offer a potentially efficient way to orchestrate group-work. However, over-scripting and successful transfer of skills to un-orchestrated environments pose challenges. Trust and conflict are important for team effectiveness but they have rarely been investigated within engineering education or scripting studies. Likewise, benefits of non-social prompts for inclusiveness has not been investigated. To this end, I developed a Computer Orchestrated Group Learning Environment (COGLE), which supports and promotes cooperation, group-wide mastery and encourages teammates to come together. I investigated its impact on acquiring knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for team working. I also studied the transfer of these newly acquired skills to an un-orchestrated setting. This research contributes to the theory around use of computer orchestration for attitudes and regulation skills development. It explores important links between team effectiveness and conflict management, self-efficacy, team-trust and regulation skills. Two literal replication cases helped verify the findings related to COGLE use and a theoretical replication helped discard the rival theory explanations. In the theoretical replication case, students orchestrated their learning and working themselves. Within-case and cross-case analysis helped generate empirical evidence used in modifying the theoretical framework. COGLE helped neuro-typical and neuro-atypical students to engage in early and often communication, experienced reduced social awkwardness, and developed trust in each other in record time. It helped transfer goal-orientedness and regulations skills to un-orchestrated team task. Neuro-typical students improved their self-efficacy with neuro-atypical not that far behind and they delivered on team tasks together. Whereas in the theoretical replication case, clique formation, low cognitive trust, low self-efficacy, delayed communication, and partial completion highlighted the challenges of un-orchestrated collaborative settings. Keywords: Team-working, orchestration, self-efficacy, trust, conflicts, regulation of learning and scripting.

Item Type:
Thesis (PhD)
Subjects:
ID Code:
162346
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Nov 2021 12:30
Refereed?:
No
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
04 Dec 2021 10:43