Highly conductive partially cross-linked poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) as anion exchange membrane and ionomer for water electrolysis

Feng, Zhiming and Esteban, Pilar and Gupta, Gaurav and Fulton, David and Mamlouk, Mohamed (2021) Highly conductive partially cross-linked poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) as anion exchange membrane and ionomer for water electrolysis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46 (75). pp. 37137-37151. ISSN 0360-3199

[img]
Text (Manuscript-final)
Manuscript_final.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 24 September 2022.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Download (2MB)

Abstract

Cross-linked quaternised Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-Phenylene Oxide) (QPPO)-based membranes were prepared via Friedel-Crafts reactions using SnCl4 catalyst, 1,3,5-trioxane and chlorotrimethylsilane as environmentally-friendly chloromethylating reagents. New equations to calculate the degree of chloromethylation (DC) and cross-linking degree (CLD) were proposed. Ionic conductivity of 133 mS cm−1 at 80 °C was obtained, one of the highest reported for QPPO based membranes. We have compared QPPO to chloromethylated polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene/butylene)-b-polystyrene (SEBS) ionomer and report on the importance of ionomer-membrane interaction as well as the trade-off between swelling ratio and conductivity on performance and mechanical stability of AEM water electrolyser. Exsitu stability testing after 500 h in 1 M KOH showed membranes retained up to 94% of their original IEC. QPPO was employed as both membranes and ionomers in electrolyser tests. QPPO membranes exhibited area specific resistance of 104 mΩ cm−2 and electrolyser current density of 814 mA cm−2 at 2.0 V in 0.1 M NaOH solution at 40 °C.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46, 75, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.09.014
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2105
Subjects:
ID Code:
162222
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
12 Nov 2021 14:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2021 16:50