Prospects to improve the nutritional quality of crops

Scharff, L.B. and Saltenis, V.L.R. and Jensen, P.E. and Baekelandt, A. and Burgess, A.J. and Burow, M. and Ceriotti, A. and Cohan, J.-P. and Geu-Flores, F. and Halkier, B.A. and Haslam, R.P. and Inzé, D. and Klein Lankhorst, R. and Murchie, E.H. and Napier, J.A. and Nacry, P. and Parry, M.A.J. and Santino, A. and Scarano, A. and Sparvoli, F. and Wilhelm, R. and Pribil, M. (2021) Prospects to improve the nutritional quality of crops. Food and Energy Security. ISSN 2048-3694

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Abstract

A growing world population as well as the need to enhance sustainability and health create challenges for crop breeding. To address these challenges, not only quantitative but also qualitative improvements are needed, especially regarding the macro- and micronutrient composition and content. In this review, we describe different examples of how the nutritional quality of crops and the bioavailability of individual nutrients can be optimised. We focus on increasing protein content, the use of alternative protein crops and improving protein functionality. Furthermore, approaches to enhance the content of vitamins and minerals as well as healthy specialised metabolites and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are considered. In addition, methods to reduce antinutrients and toxins are presented. These approaches could help to decrease the ‘hidden hunger’ caused by micronutrient deficiencies. Furthermore, a more diverse crop range with improved nutritional profile could help to shift to healthier and more sustainable plant-based diets.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Food and Energy Security
Subjects:
ID Code:
161838
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Nov 2021 16:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Nov 2021 12:07