Simulation and experimental study of proton bunch self-modulation in plasma with linear density gradients

, AWAKE Collaboration and Henderson, James (2021) Simulation and experimental study of proton bunch self-modulation in plasma with linear density gradients. Physical Review Accelerators and Beams, 24 (10). ISSN 2469-9888

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Abstract

We present numerical simulations and experimental results of the self-modulation of a long proton bunch in a plasma with linear density gradients along the beam path. Simulation results agree with the experimental results reported [F. Braunmller, T. Nechaeva et al. (AWAKE Collaboration), Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 264801 (2020)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.125.264801]: with negative gradients, the charge of the modulated bunch is lower than with positive gradients. In addition, the bunch modulation frequency varies with gradient. Simulation results show that dephasing of the wakefields with respect to the relativistic protons along the plasma is the main cause for the loss of charge. The study of the modulation frequency reveals details about the evolution of the self-modulation process along the plasma. In particular for negative gradients, the modulation frequency across time-resolved images of the bunch indicates the position along the plasma where protons leave the wakefields. Simulations and experimental results are in excellent agreement. © 2021 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams
ID Code:
161609
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Nov 2021 16:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Nov 2021 12:06