From mine to mind and mobiles – Lithium contamination and its risk management

Bolan, S. and Hoang, S.A. and Tanveer, M. and Wang, L. and Bolan, S. and Sooriyakumar, P. and Robinson, B. and Wijesekara, H. and Wijesooriya, M. and Keerthanan, S. and Vithanage, M. and Markert, B. and Fränzle, S. and Wünschmann, S. and Sarkar, B. and Vinu, A. and Kirkham, M.B. and Siddique, K.H.M. and Rinklebe, J. (2021) From mine to mind and mobiles – Lithium contamination and its risk management. Environmental Pollution, 290. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

With the ever-increasing demand for lithium (Li) for portable energy storage devices, there is a global concern associated with environmental contamination of Li, via the production, use, and disposal of Li-containing products, including mobile phones and mood-stabilizing drugs. While geogenic Li is sparingly soluble, Li added to soil is one of the most mobile cations in soil, which can leach to groundwater and reach surface water through runoff. Lithium is readily taken up by plants and has relatively high plant accumulation coefficient, albeit the underlying mechanisms have not been well described. Therefore, soil contamination with Li could reach the food chain due to its mobility in surface- and ground-waters and uptake into plants. High environmental Li levels adversely affect the health of humans, animals, and plants. Lithium toxicity can be considerably managed through various remediation approaches such as immobilization using clay-like amendments and/or chelate-enhanced phytoremediation. This review integrates fundamental aspects of Li distribution and behaviour in terrestrial and aquatic environments in an effort to efficiently remediate Li-contaminated ecosystems. As research to date has not provided a clear picture of how the increased production and disposal of Li-based products adversely impact human and ecosystem health, there is an urgent need for further studies on this field.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Pollution
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Pollution. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Pollution, 290, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118067
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3000/3005
Subjects:
ID Code:
160993
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Oct 2021 08:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Oct 2021 04:24