The evolutionarily conserved long non-coding RNA LINC00261 drives neuroendocrine prostate cancer proliferation and metastasis via distinct nuclear and cytoplasmic mechanisms

Mather, Rebecca L. and Parolia, Abhijit and Carson, Sandra E. and Venalainen, Erik and Roig-Carles, David and Jaber, Mustapha and Chu, Shih Chun and Alborelli, Ilaria and Wu, Rebecca and Lin, Dong and Nabavi, Noushin and Jachetti, Elena and Colombo, Mario P. and Xue, Hui and Pucci, Perla and Ci, Xinpei and Hawkes, Cheryl and Li, Yinglei and Pandha, Hardev and Ulitsky, Igor and Marconett, Crystal and Quagliata, Luca and Jiang, Wei and Romero, Ignacio and Wang, Yuzhuo and Crea, Francesco (2021) The evolutionarily conserved long non-coding RNA LINC00261 drives neuroendocrine prostate cancer proliferation and metastasis via distinct nuclear and cytoplasmic mechanisms. Molecular Oncology, 15 (7). pp. 1921-1941. ISSN 1574-7891

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Abstract

Metastatic neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC) is a highly aggressive disease, whose incidence is rising. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent a large family of disease- and tissue-specific transcripts, most of which are still functionally uncharacterized. Thus, we set out to identify the highly conserved lncRNAs that play a central role in NEPC pathogenesis. To this end, we performed transcriptomic analyses of donor-matched patient-derived xenograft models (PDXs) with immunohistologic features of prostate adenocarcinoma (AR+/PSA+) or NEPC (AR−/SYN+/CHGA+) and through differential expression analyses identified lncRNAs that were upregulated upon neuroendocrine transdifferentiation. These genes were prioritized for functional assessment based on the level of conservation in vertebrates. Here, LINC00261 emerged as the top gene with over 3229-fold upregulation in NEPC. Consistently, LINC00261 expression was significantly upregulated in NEPC specimens in multiple patient cohorts. Knockdown of LINC00261 in PC-3 cells dramatically attenuated its proliferative and metastatic abilities, which are explained by parallel downregulation of CBX2 and FOXA2 through distinct molecular mechanisms. In the cell cytoplasm, LINC00261 binds to and sequesters miR-8485 from targeting the CBX2 mRNA, while inside the nucleus, LINC00261 functions as a transcriptional scaffold to induce SMAD-driven expression of the FOXA2 gene. For the first time, these results demonstrate hyperactivation of the LINC00261-CBX2-FOXA2 axes in NEPC to drive proliferation and metastasis, and that LINC00261 may be utilized as a therapeutic target and a biomarker for this incurable disease.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Molecular Oncology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1306
Subjects:
ID Code:
160452
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Oct 2021 09:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Oct 2021 06:12