Exploring the drivers of vulnerability among disadvantaged internal migrants in riverbank erosion prone areas in north-west Bangladesh

Kabir, Ehsan and Kamruzzaman, Palash (2021) Exploring the drivers of vulnerability among disadvantaged internal migrants in riverbank erosion prone areas in north-west Bangladesh. Journal of South Asian Development. ISSN 0973-1741 (In Press)

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Abstract

Bangladesh frequently suffers from acute riverbank erosions and, as a result, every year a large number of people internally migrate to new places mainly in search of livelihoods. While very few studies focus on the multifaceted nature of vulnerability experienced from riverbank erosions, the present study examines to what extent different drivers of vulnerability affect socio-economically disadvantaged internal migrants living in riverbank erosion-prone areas in Bangladesh. Empirical evidence from two north-western riverbank erosion-prone districts in Bangladesh demonstrates that the disadvantaged internal migrants and their household members were exposed to a range of vulnerabilities connected to economic, institutional, infrastructural, environmental, and social drivers. It is contended that evidently there are different types of vulnerability some of which are perceived to be more severe than others in the study areas. This study, therefore, suggests extending some specific support programs including income generation schemes, access to institutional credit for the landless, improved inexpensive means of transportation, and improved communication. This article also proposes improving rural infrastructure including irrigation facilities, inexpensive transportation means for agricultural inputs or other farming materials, reasonable prices for daily necessities, and improved health care benefits.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of South Asian Development
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1200/1202
Subjects:
ID Code:
160071
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Oct 2021 08:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
17 Oct 2021 05:45