Soil-derived Nature's Contributions to People and their contribution to the un Sustainable Development Goals

Smith, P. and Keesstra, S.D. and Silver, W.L. and Adhya, T.K. and De Deyn, G.B. and Carvalheiro, L.G. and Giltrap, D.L. and Renforth, P. and Cheng, K. and Sarkar, B. and Saco, P.M. and Scow, K. and Smith, J. and Morel, J.-C. and Thiele-Bruhn, S. and Lal, R. and McElwee, P. (2021) Soil-derived Nature's Contributions to People and their contribution to the un Sustainable Development Goals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 376 (1834). ISSN 0962-8436

[img]
Text (Smith_PTRSB_preprint)
Smith_PTRSB_preprint.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (643kB)

Abstract

This special issue provides an assessment of the contribution of soils to Nature's Contributions to People (NCP). Here, we combine this assessment and previously published relationships between NCP and delivery on the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to infer contributions of soils to the SDGs. We show that in addition to contributing positively to the delivery of all NCP, soils also have a role in underpinning all SDGs. While highlighting the great potential of soils to contribute to sustainable development, it is recognized that poorly managed, degraded or polluted soils may contribute negatively to both NCP and SDGs. The positive contribution, however, cannot be taken for granted, and soils must be managed carefully to keep them healthy and capable of playing this vital role. A priority for soil management must include: (i) for healthy soils in natural ecosystems, protect them from conversion and degradation; (ii) for managed soils, manage in a way to protect and enhance soil biodiversity, health and sustainability and to prevent degradation; and (iii) for degraded soils, restore to full soil health. We have enough knowledge now to move forward with the implementation of best management practices to maintain and improve soil health. This analysis shows that this is not just desirable, it is essential if we are to meet the SDG targets by 2030 and achieve sustainable development more broadly in the decades to come. This article is part of the theme issue 'The role of soils in delivering Nature's Contributions to People'. © 2021 The Author(s).

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300
Subjects:
ID Code:
160038
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Sep 2021 14:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
17 Oct 2021 05:44