Inclined composite guardrails/safety barriers – Numerical and experimental evaluation of their transverse stiffnesses and compliance with standards

Turvey, G.J. and Sutch, A. (2021) Inclined composite guardrails/safety barriers – Numerical and experimental evaluation of their transverse stiffnesses and compliance with standards. Composite Structures, 276: 114552. ISSN 0263-8223

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Three-point flexure and axial torsion tests were undertaken to establish the longitudinal elastic flexural and in-plane shear moduli of pultruded GFRP tubes. They were used to define one-dimensional two-node beam elements for modelling single- and two-bay inclined guardrails with inclinations up to 60°. Subsequently, three-dimensional FE models were developed to analyse more accurately single- and two-bay 30° inclined guardrails. The results from these analyses were compared with those of full-scale load tests on 30° inclined guardrails subjected to transverse normal preload, usability, and ultimate loads applied to the handrails. It is shown that the analysis results based one-dimensional elements significantly underestimate the mean handrail deflections and over-estimate the guardrails’ transverse stiffness. By contrast, using three-dimensional elements in the FE models give more accurate predictions, with mean handrail deflections 9% and 14–16% lower than single- and two-bay test values respectively. The corresponding percentages for mean transverse stiffnesses are 10% and 12.5 – 14.3% higher respectively. It was also observed that the responses of the guardrails were linear, the residual deflections on unloading were less than permitted for the preload, usability and ultimate loads. Furthermore, neither the single- nor the two-bay 30° inclined guardrails sustained any damage. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Composite Structures
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Composite Structures. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Composite Structures, 276, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.114552
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? compositesfe analysesinclined guardrailspultrusiontestingtubesload testingregulatory compliancestiffnessunloadingexperimental evaluationfe analyzefe modelinclined guardrailone-dimensionalpreloadssafety barrierstransverse stiffnesstubeultimate loadscomposi ??
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Deposited On:
23 Sep 2021 13:35
Last Modified:
30 Jun 2024 00:29