Baseline PAHs, N-PAHs and 210Pb in Segment Samples from Bodo Creek:Comparison with Bonny Estuary, Niger Delta

Anyanwu, I.N. and Sikoki, F.D. and Semple, K.T. (2021) Baseline PAHs, N-PAHs and 210Pb in Segment Samples from Bodo Creek:Comparison with Bonny Estuary, Niger Delta. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 232 (9). ISSN 0049-6979

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Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the nitrogen-containing analogues (N-PAHs) and lead 210 (210Pb) were measured in 2-cm interval core segments from Bodo Creek to evaluate impact of oil pollution in the waterbody. PAHs and N-PAHs were measured by gas chromatography analysis with mass spectrometry detection, and 210Pb activity concentration was determined by alpha spectrometry measurement. Data shows that ƩPAHs and ƩN-PAHs ranged from 12,774.3–18,470.2 µg/kg and 524.0–672.2 µg/kg, respectively. Concentrations were found to increase with increase in depth (cm). Petrogenic PAHs predominated the surface sediment (with elevated levels of 2,3,6-trimethyl-naphthalene, phenanthrene and 1-methyl-phenanthrene), while pyrogenic-PAHs dominated the deeper segments (with high levels of pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene, chrysene and benzo[k]fluoranthene). For N-PAHs, benzo[h]quinoline, 4,7-phenanthroline and benzo[a]acridine recorded high values. Chemicals comparison with values measured from Bonny Estuary revealed greater PAHs contamination in the estuary, while N-PAHs recorded elevated values in the creek. 210Pb activity concentration in the creek showed relatively low activity compared to the estuary, and similar distribution with the aromatic hydrocarbons. The measured hydrocarbons were high and exceeded the Canadian sediment quality guidelines. However, there are concerns over toxic ratios > 70% and radioactivity (EPR-D-values) > 3 – 4.E ± 01 Bq measured in the polluted creek. This gives insight on the level of radioactivity, PAHs, N-PAHs and PAHs toxic ratios in Bodo creek which would be useful in future remediation studies and/or monitoring the ability of sediments to recover under natural conditions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Additional Information:
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-021-05316-8
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2305
Subjects:
ID Code:
159961
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Sep 2021 15:38
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 Oct 2021 08:27