Kaliningrad: A dual shift in Cooperation and Conflict

Maass, Anna-Sophie (2021) Kaliningrad: A dual shift in Cooperation and Conflict. In: Cooperation and Conflict between Europe and Russia. Routledge, London. ISBN 9781032064383

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Poland's accession to NATO in 1999 undermined Russian-NATO relations. A similar contestation occurred before the EU's eastern enlargement when the transit of Russians to and from Kaliningrad was a contentious topic in EU-Russian diplomacy. Currently Russia's deployment of missiles in Kaliningrad has become a security concern. This article argues that NATO's security concerns replaced EU-Russian contestation about visa liberalisation as the main source of conflict in their relationship. It demonstrates that the case of Kaliningrad reflects a dual shift from a contested to a fluid boundary in EU-Russian relations, and from a contested to a solid boundary in NATO-Russian relations.

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07 Sep 2021 09:20
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12 Sep 2023 03:14