Different Approaches for Manufacturing Ti-6Al-4V Alloy with Triply Periodic Minimal Surface Sheet-Based Structures by Electron Beam Melting

Khrapov, Dmitry and Kozadayeva, Maria and Manabaev, Kayrat and Panin, Alexey and Sjöström, William and Koptyug, Andrey and Mishurova, Tatiana and Evsevleev, Sergei and Meinel, Dietmar and Bruno, Giovanni and Cheneler, David and Surmenev, Roman and Surmeneva, Maria (2021) Different Approaches for Manufacturing Ti-6Al-4V Alloy with Triply Periodic Minimal Surface Sheet-Based Structures by Electron Beam Melting. Materials, 14 (17). ISSN 1996-1944

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Abstract

Targeting biomedical applications, Triply Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) gyroid sheet-based structures were successfully manufactured for the first time by Electron Beam Melting in two different production Themes, i.e., inputting a zero (Wafer Theme) and a 200 µm (Melt Theme) wall thickness. Initial assumption was that in both cases, EBM manufacturing should yield the structures with similar mechanical properties as in a Wafer-mode, as wall thickness is determined by the minimal beam spot size of ca 200 µm. Their surface morphology, geometry, and mechanical properties were investigated by means of electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray Computed Tomography (XCT), and uniaxial tests (both compression and tension). Application of different manufacturing Themes resulted in specimens with different wall thicknesses while quasi-elastic gradients for different Themes was found to be of 1.5 GPa, similar to the elastic modulus of human cortical bone tissue. The specific energy absorption at 50% strain was also similar for the two types of structures. Finite element simulations were also conducted to qualitatively analyze the deformation process and the stress distribution under mechanical load. Simulations demonstrated that in the elastic regime wall, regions oriented parallel to the load are primarily affected by deformation. We could conclude that gyroids manufactured in Wafer and Melt Themes are equally effective in mimicking mechanical properties of the bones.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Materials
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2500
Subjects:
ID Code:
159050
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Aug 2021 13:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Oct 2021 04:59