Application of artificial neural networks to predict beach nourishment volume requirements

Bujak, D. and Bogovac, T. and Carević, D. and Ilic, S. and Lončar, G. (2021) Application of artificial neural networks to predict beach nourishment volume requirements. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (JMSE), 9 (8). ISSN 2077-1312

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Abstract

The volume of material required for the construction of new and expansion of existing beach sites is an important parameter for coastal management. This information may play a crucial role when deciding which beach sites to develop. This work examines whether artificial neural networks (ANNs) can predict the spatial variability of nourishment requirements on the Croatian coast. We use survey data of the nourishment volume requirements and gravel diameter from 2016 to 2020, fetch length, beach area and orientation derived from national maps which vary from location to location due to a complex coastal configuration on the East Adriatic coast, and wind, tide, and rainfall data from nearby meteorological/oceanographic stations to train and test ANNs. The results reported here confirm that an ANN can adequately predict the spatial variability of observed nourishment volumes (R and MSE for the test set equal 0.87 and 2.24 × 104, respectively). The contributions of different parameters to the ANN’s predictive ability were examined. Apart from the most obvious parameters like the beach length and the beach areas, the fetch length proved to be the most important input contribution to ANN’s predictive ability, followed by the beach orientation. Fetch length and beach orientation are parameters governing the wind wave height and direction and hence are proxies for forcing. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (JMSE)
Subjects:
ID Code:
158893
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Sep 2021 13:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
02 Sep 2021 05:19