Voltammetric Determination of Trace Heavy Metals by Sequential-injection Analysis at Plastic Fluidic Chips with Integrated Carbon Fiber-based Electrodes

Partheni, V. and Svarnias, K. and Economou, A. and Kokkinos, C. and Fielden, P.R. and Baldock, S.J. and Goddard, N.J. (2021) Voltammetric Determination of Trace Heavy Metals by Sequential-injection Analysis at Plastic Fluidic Chips with Integrated Carbon Fiber-based Electrodes. Electroanalysis, 33 (8). pp. 1930-1935. ISSN 1040-0397

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Abstract

This work describes a sequential injection analysis (SIA) method for on-line strippping voltammetric determination of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) using an injection-moulded electrochemical fluidic chip consisting of 3 conductive carbon fiber-loaded polymer electrodes embedded in a plastic fluidic holder. The sample containing the target metals and a solution containing Bi(III) were aspirated in the holding coil of the SIA manifold. Then, the flow was reversed and the two solutions were directed to the fluidic cell through a mixing coil which induced mixing of the two zones. Upon reaching the cell, simultaneous reduction of the target metals and Bi(III) occurred resulting in the formation of a metal-Bi alloy on the working electrode. Finally, the accumulated metals were stripped off the bismuth-film electrode via a positive potential scan and the oxidation current was recorded. The experimental variables (concentration of the bismuth plating solution, deposition potential, sample volume, stripping mode) were investigated and the potential interferences were assessed. The limits of quantification were 2.8 μg L−1 for Pb(II), 3.6 μg L−1 for Cd(II) and 4.2 μg L−1 for Zn(II) and the the within-chip and between-chip % relative standard deviations were ≤6.3 % and ≤14 %, respectively. Finally, the sensor was applied to the determination of trace metals in a fish food sample.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Electroanalysis
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: V. Partheni, K. Svarnias, A. Economou, C. Kokkinos, P. R. Fielden, S. J. Baldock, N. J. Goddard, Electroanalysis 2021, 33, 1930 which has been published in final form at https://analyticalsciencejournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elan.202100230 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Subjects:
ID Code:
158744
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Deposited On:
23 Aug 2021 08:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 Oct 2021 08:18