Particulate plastics-plant interaction in soil and its implications : A review

Wu, X. and Lu, J. and Du, M. and Xu, X. and Beiyuan, J. and Sarkar, B. and Bolan, N. and Xu, W. and Xu, S. and Chen, X. and Wu, F. and Wang, H. (2021) Particulate plastics-plant interaction in soil and its implications : A review. Science of the Total Environment, 792: 148337. ISSN 0048-9697

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Particulate plastics (<5 mm), including macroplastics (1 μm to 5 mm), microplastics (100 nm to 1 μm) and nanoplastics (<100 nm), have become a global environmental problem due to their widespread occurrence, distribution and ecosystem risk. Although numerous studies on particulate plastics have been conducted in aquatic systems, investigations in the soil ecosystem are lacking. Soil is the main storage place of particulate plastics, conferring significant impacts on plant growth and development. The impact of particulate plastics on plants is directly related to the safety of agricultural products. This review comprehensively examines the pollution characteristics and exposure pathways of particulate plastics in agricultural soils, highlighting plastic uptake process, and mechanisms in plants, and effects of particulate plastics, biodegradable particulate plastics and combined pollution of plastics with other environmental pollutants on plant performances. This review identifies a number of future research prospects including the development of accurate quantitative methods for plastic analysis in soil and plant samples, understanding the environmental behaviors of conventional and biodegradable particulate plastics in the presence and absence of other environmental pollutants, unravelling the fate of particulate plastics in plants, phyto-toxicity and molecular regulatory mechanisms of particultate plastics, and developing best management practices for the production of safe agricultural products in plastic-contaminated soils.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Science of the Total Environment
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Science of the Total Environment. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Science of the Total Environment, 792, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148337
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? biodegradable plasticsmicroplasticsnanoplasticssoil contaminationtoxicityuptakeagricultural productsaquatic ecosystemsbiodegradable polymersmicroplasticplastic productssoilsecosystem risksenvironmental pollutantsglobal environmental problemsparticulatespl ??
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17 Aug 2021 11:20
Last Modified:
08 May 2024 00:19