Quantitative analysis on the mechanism of Cd2+ removal by MgCl2-modified biochar in aqueous solutions

Yin, G. and Tao, L. and Chen, X. and Bolan, N.S. and Sarkar, B. and Lin, Q. and Wang, H. (2021) Quantitative analysis on the mechanism of Cd2+ removal by MgCl2-modified biochar in aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 420: 126487. ISSN 0304-3894

[thumbnail of Yin_HAZMAT_MgCl2-biochar_preprint]
Text (Yin_HAZMAT_MgCl2-biochar_preprint)
Yin_HAZMAT_MgCl2_biochar_preprint.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Download (1MB)


In this study, a pristine biochar (BC) and MgCl2-modified biochar (MBC) were prepared using Pennisetum sp. straw for removing Cd2+ from aqueous solutions. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as the surface area and porosity analyses were used to reveal the physico-chemical characteristics of the pristine and modified adsorbents. Results suggested that MgCl2 impregnation during the synthesis had enhanced the specific surface area and pore volume of the biochar. Batch adsorption experiments indicated that the Cd2+ adsorption data of MBC fitted the Langmuir isothermal and pseudo-second order kinetic models, indicating a chemical adsorption was undergoing in the system. The maximum adsorption capacity of Cd2+ on MBC was 763.12 mg/g, which was 11.15 times higher than that of the pristine BC. The Cd2+ removal by MBC was mainly attributed to the mechanisms in an order: Cd(OH)2 precipitation (73.43%) > ion exchange (22.67%) > Cd2+-π interaction (3.88%), with negligible contributions from functional group complexation, electrostatic attraction and physical adsorption. The MBC could thus be used as a promising adsorbent for Cd2+ removal from aqueous solutions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Hazardous Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Hazardous Materials, 420, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126487
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? adsorptioncadmium removalengineered biocharsurface characterizationwastewater treatmentenvironmental chemistrypollutionwaste management and disposalenvironmental engineeringhealth, toxicology and mutagenesis ??
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Aug 2021 11:15
Last Modified:
17 Jul 2024 00:09