Going virtual: adapting in-person interactive focus groups to the online environment

Menary, Jonathan and Stetkiewicz, Stacia and Nair, and Jorasch, Petra and Nanda, Amrit K. and Guichaoua, Adrien and Rufino, Mariana and Fischer, and Davies, Jessica (2021) Going virtual: adapting in-person interactive focus groups to the online environment. Emerald Open Research, 3.

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Abstract

Restrictions on social interaction and travel due to the COVID-19 pandemic have affected how researchers approach fieldwork and data collection. Whilst online focus groups have received attention since the 2000s as a method for qualitative data collection, relatively little of the relevant literature appears to have made use of now ubiquitous video calling software and synchronous, interactive discussion tools. Our own experiences in organising fieldwork aimed at understanding the impact of different ‘future-proofing’ strategies for the European agri-food system during this period resulted in several methodological changes being made at short notice. We present an approach to converting in-person focus group to a virtual methodology and provide a checklist for researchers planning their own online focus groups. Our findings suggest data are comparable to in-person focus groups and factors influencing data quality during online focus groups can be safeguarded. There are several key steps, both before and during the focus groups, which can be taken to ensure the smooth running of such events. We share our reflections on this approach and provide a resource for other researchers moving to online-only data collection.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Emerald Open Research
ID Code:
158143
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Aug 2021 14:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
04 Sep 2021 00:36