Continuous non-equilibrium transition driven by the heat flow

Zhang, Yirui and Litniewski, Marek and Makuch, Karol and Zuk, Pawel J. and Maciolek, Anna and Holyst, Robert (2021) Continuous non-equilibrium transition driven by the heat flow. Physical Review E, 104 (2). ISSN 2470-0045

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Abstract

We discovered an out-of-equilibrium transition in the ideal gas between two walls, divided by an inner, adiabatic, movable wall. The system is driven out-of-equilibrium by supplying energy directly into the volume of the gas. At critical heat flux, we have found a continuous transition to the state with a low-density, hot gas on one side of the movable wall and a dense, cold gas on the other side. Molecular dynamic simulations of the soft-sphere fluid confirm the existence of the transition in the interacting system. We introduce a stationary state Helmholtz-like function whose minimum determines the stable positions of the internal wall. This transition can be used as a paradigm of transitions in stationary states and the Helmholtz-like function as a paradigm of the thermodynamic description of these states.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review E
Additional Information:
© 2021 American Physical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
ID Code:
157970
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Aug 2021 14:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
26 Oct 2021 00:25